Bromhexine poisoning

Bromhexine: A mucolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory disorders associated with viscid or excessive mucus. Bromhexine : A mucolytic agent used in the treatment of respiratory disorders associated with viscid or excessive mucus. From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p Source: MeSH These medical condition or symptom topics may be relevant to medical information for Bromhexine: Mucolytic Agent Respiratory Respiratory symptoms causes Respiratory disease Respiratory disorder 35 causes Viscid Mucus causes Mucus symptoms causes Extra Hierarchical classifications of Bromhexine The following list attempts to classify Bromhexine into categories where each line is subset of the next.

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Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use. All rights reserved. Last Update: 13 August, About Us Bookmark this page. Bromhexine Dictionary. Assessment Questionnaire Have a symptom?

See what questions a doctor would ask.Bromhexine is a mucolytic drug. It is found to reduce viscosity of. It is used in the treatment of respiratory tract disorders such as bronchitis.

Bromhexine is contraindicated for use in patients with known hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to bromhexine hydrochloride or any of the other ingredients in the product.

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Infection in Children - Part 3. Drug Index. Drugs Category. Drugs A to Z. Mechanism : Bromhexine is a mucolytic drug. Contraindications : Bromhexine is contraindicated for use in patients with known hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to bromhexine hydrochloride or any of the other ingredients in the product.

Dosing : Oral: years: 4 mg 3 times daily. Adverse Effect : GI side effects, headache, dizziness, sweating, skin rashes. Interaction : No known drug interactions.

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bromhexine poisoning

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Note that the numbers in parentheses [1], [2], etc. Chlorine is a poisonous gas with a sweetish metallic taste and a pungent odor. In nature, it is found only in the composition of minerals.

In small amounts, it is contained in the intercellular fluid of man and animal, participating in the work of nerve cells and metabolic processes. Chlorine is widely used in the production of pesticides, fertilizers, solvents, medicines, detergents and disinfectants, plastics, polyvinyl chloride, synthetic rubber, warfare agent. In everyday life it is used for bleaching, cleaning bathtubs, washbasins and toilet bowls, it is disinfected with water in the pools and water in the houses.

Under what circumstances can it pose a threat to human life? Statistics show that in the world most technogenic accidents are associated with the release of ammonia and chlorine into the atmosphere. And if we take into account how much substance is used in agriculture, in water purification, in pharmaceuticals, then the negative scale of its influence on a person becomes clear.

Among domestic poisonings, about half of all cases fall on poisoning with this substance. To ensure that chlorine is safe, there are maximum permissible concentrations. Thus, in the atmosphere, the average daily gas content should not be more than 0. The causes of chlorine poisoning can be:.

[The forensic medical diagnosis of bromhexine poisoning]

The risk factors include alcoholism, substance abuse, drug addiction. The chronic, throat, lung, heart, renal and hepatic insufficiency is exacerbated by the susceptibility to chlorine. The pathogenesis of chlorine poisoning is a chemical trauma that disrupts the vital functions of the body.

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As a result of the reaction of gas with the moisture of the mucous membrane, hydrochloric acid and active oxygen are formed, which also have a toxic effect. In the beginning, the epithelium of the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract suffers, then the epithelial lining of the alveoli. There is a swelling, degeneration, then necrosis. These processes lead to an increase in the permeability of the alveolar walls, impaired blood circulation, damage to the pulmonary capillaries.

Symptoms of chlorine poisoning depend on the dose of the poison agent and the duration of its exposure. The first signs are expressed in:.

Poisoning with chlorine vapor can occur both in production using gas, in agriculture when spraying crops, and at home. The ingress of gas vapors through the upper respiratory tract is called inhalation poisoning. Such poisoning can be obtained from any toxic gas - chlorine, ammonia, etc. Symptoms of poisoning with chlorine and ammonia are similar: perspiration in the throat, coughing, choking, headache, lacrimation, skin irritation, chest pain, stomach.

Cases of chlorine poisoning are not uncommon in swimming pools.Most common symptoms. Rated as mild conditon. Jump to section. Drug poisoning is a common problem for dogs and it may occur in a variety of ways.

Any dose of a medication designed for humans, whether prescribed or over the counter, can have adverse effects in a dog due to lower body weight and differences in metabolism. An overdose of a medication that was prescribed by the veterinarian for your dog can also cause poisoning.

Poisoning may occur through the misguided intentions of an owner such as giving a dog an over the counter pain medication designed for humansor accidental ingestion from a bottle left open or a lid chewed off by your dog.

Many pills are sweet tasting and your dog may see them as a treat. Both situations can have serious consequences and your dog will need immediate treatment by a veterinarian. Mild cases are reversible, but severe overdose can cause long term damage or death.

Many different drugs can cause poisoning in dogs when they are not given as prescribed. This is especially true of medications that were intended for humans.

Veterinarians define medication overdose in dogs as drug poisoning. Depending on the drug and the amount ingested, this can cause serious illness and even death. Different symptoms can be present depending on the medication in question. These are some of the most common signs of drug poisoning in dogs. You should take your dog to a veterinarian immediately if you think poisoning is a possibility. There are two situations which lead to drug poisoning in dogs.

Accidental and intentional overdose is possible in either of these situations. If a dog gains access to the medication accidentally, a more severe overdose is likely to occur.

These are some of the common drugs that could cause poisoning in your dog.Instruction for BromhexineReed more and buy Bromhexine hereCompositionThe composition of 1 tablet and 5 ml of syrup may include 4 mg or 8 mg of bromhexine, according to the INN international non-proprietary name - Bromhexine.

The composition of 1 tablet and 5 ml of syrup may include 4 mg or 8 mg of bromhexine, according to the INN international non-proprietary name - Bromhexine. The main forms of the drug are Bromhexine tablets from 10 to pieces per pack and Bromhexine syrup to 50, 60 or ml in a vial.

The medicine Bromhexine is characterized by secretolitic mucolytic and expectorant properties, from which the tablets and syrup of the drug are used for dry cough in adults and children. The secretolitic efficacy of bromhexine is due to its ability to thin and depolymerize mucoprotein and mucopolysaccharide fibers of bronchial secretions.

Also of great importance in the effectiveness of bromhexine treatment is stimulation of the formation of a surfactant, a substance of a surface active nature that lines the lungs of the lungs, thereby enhancing the protective function of the pulmonary system. In addition to its main effects, the drug has a weak antitussive effect. Binding to plasma proteins is quite high. It is able to penetrate the placental and blood-brain barrier. Hepatic metabolic transformations pass through oxidation and demethylation.

Excretion is carried out mostly by the kidneys. Has the ability to cumulate in the body. With kidney pathologies, the excretion of metabolic products is disrupted.

What Is Bromine Poisoning?

Indications for the use of Bromhexine are the painful conditions of the bronchopulmonary system in the presence of difficult viscous sputum tracheobronchitis, emphysema, bronchial asthma, pneumoconiosis, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, obstructive bronchitis, pneumonia. Also, the drug is used in the preoperative period for sanation recovery of the bronchial tree; in the postoperative period for prophylactic removal of sputum congestion in the bronchi; at carrying out of diagnostic and medical clinical intrabronchial manipulations.

Before taking Bromhexine in tablets or syrup, you should read the contraindications to its use. Bromhexine in tablets is intended for oral oral administration. Tablets can be taken regardless of food intake, washed down with ml of water. Adults show a one-time intake of mg of the drug times per 24 hours. From 6 to 14 years old they practice a 3-time daily intake of 8 mg.

The effect of therapy can develop only on days. The drug syrup is mainly intended for use in pediatrics, although it does not exclude the use of the drug by adult patients in the same dosages and with the frequency of administration as prescribed for tablets mg times a day.

Instructions for use Bromhexine for children recommends that patients years of age receive 2. Applying children's Bromhexine, it is recommended to use in parallel the vibration massage of the baby's chest or the procedure of postural drainage, in order to further facilitate the withdrawal of secretions.

The course of treatment of any of the pharmacological forms of the drug can last from 4 to 28 days. In the course of therapy, the patient should be provided with sufficient fluid to maintain a productive secretory effect.

Symptoms of overdose may be manifested by nausea with or without vomiting, diarrhea and other disorders of a dyspeptic nature.

If an overdose is detected in the first minutes, you should induce vomiting and rinse the stomach. Subsequently, symptomatic treatment is indicated. Do not prescribe in parallel with antitussive drugs for example, codeine-containingdue to difficulty in secreting the secretion of the bronchi.

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A combination with NSAIDs can irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa and even lead to the formation of erosions and ulcers.Bromine is a natural element that is liquid at room temperature and gas at high temperatures.

Poisoning is rare but possible in various ways, such as consuming contaminated food or being directly exposed to bromine gas. Dizziness and cough are symptoms of inhaled bromine poisoning, while a burning sensation on the skin is a symptom of direct exposure to bromine gas. If the gas is in the air, the most important action is to move away from the gas quickly, after which the person should remove his or her clothing and bathe.

bromhexine poisoning

People exposed to bromine for long periods of time may have long-term health problems. A person can get bromine poisoning by consuming contaminated water or food, having skin exposed to bromine, or breathing in fumes of bromine gas. To consume contaminated goods, bromine would have to be accidentally released into a water supply. Bromine settles near the ground because it is heavier than air, so people are at risk of exposing their lower bodies to bromine following the release of bromine gas.

In addition, if the gas is still high in the air, a person could inhale fumes to get bromine poisoning. Dizziness, cough, and irritation in the mouth, nose, or eyes are some symptoms of bromine poisoning.

If a large amount of bromine was consumed, nausea and vomiting are key symptoms for which to look. Skin exposed directly to bromine usually feels cool for a moment, then starts to burn.

Bromhexine 8Mg Tablet

Even if a person does not show obvious symptoms of bromine poisoning but poisoning is suspected, a medical professional should be seen. Want to automatically save time and money month? If a person believes he or she was directly exposed to bromine, it is important to undress without lifting contaminated material over the head. Undressing should be immediately followed by thoroughly washing the body. Even if a person does not think he or she was directly exposed, it is best to seek fresh air and move away from the affected area.

All removed clothing and personal effects should be handled as indirectly as possible and placed in plastic bags for disposal. When bromine is breathed in, a person might experience long-term problems with his or her lungs. Due to systemic poisoning, a person might also experience damage to other vital organs. To avoid such problems, people should learn the symptoms of bromine poisoning and remove themselves from the source as quickly as possible.

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There is no cure or antidote for bromine poisoning, but medical professionals can help in other ways. Rhonda Rivera Last Modified Date: 18 June Bromine is a natural element that is liquid at room temperature and gas at high temperatures. Bromine poisoning may cause vomiting. Please enter the following code:. Login: Forgot password?Bromine poisoning is treated with supportive medical care for example, oxygen, fluids given through a needle into your vein in a hospital setting.

bromhexine poisoning

No specific antidote exists for bromine poisoning. An antidote is a medicine that reverses the effects of a poison. The most important thing is for people to remove themselves from the exposure site and seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Emergency Preparedness and Response. Section Navigation. Facts about Bromine. Minus Related Pages. What bromine is Bromine is a naturally occurring element that is a liquid at room temperature. It has a brownish-red color with a bleach-like odor, and it dissolves in water. Bromine can also be found as an alternative to chlorine in swimming pools. Products containing bromine are used in agriculture and sanitation and as fire retardants chemicals that help prevent things from catching fire.

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Some bromine-containing compounds were historically used as sedatives drugs that can make people calm or sleepy. However, these drugs are for the most part no longer found on the market in the United States. How you could be exposed to bromine Following the release of bromine into water, you could be exposed by drinking the contaminated water. If food becomes contaminated with bromine, you could be exposed by eating the contaminated food.

Following release of bromine gas into the air, you could be exposed by breathing the fumes. Skin exposure to bromine could occur through direct contact with bromine liquid or gas. Bromine gas is heavier than air, so it would settle in low-lying areas. How bromine works Bromine works by directly irritating the skin, mucous membranes, and tissues.

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The seriousness of poisoning caused by bromine depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the person exposed.

Immediate signs and symptoms of exposure to bromine Breathing bromine gas could cause you to cough, have trouble breathing, get a headache, have irritation of your mucous membranes inside your mouth, nose, etc. Getting bromine liquid or gas on your skin could cause skin irritation and burns.

bromhexine poisoning

Liquid bromine that touches your skin may first cause a cooling sensation that is closely followed by a burning feeling.

Swallowing bromine-containing compounds combinations of bromine with other chemicals would cause different effects depending on the compound. Swallowing a large amount of bromine in a short period of time would be likely to cause symptoms such as nausea and vomiting gastrointestinal symptoms.

Showing these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to bromine. Long-term health effects of exposure to bromine Survivors of serious poisoning caused by inhaling breathing in bromine may have long-term lung problems.

People who survive serious bromine poisoning may also have long-term effects from damage done by what is called systemic poisoning, for example, kidney or brain damage from low blood pressure.